This is a very common respiratory viral infection. It is easily passed from cat to cat through the air. The predominant signs are "flu like" symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, blocked nose, watery eyes and loss of appetite and can quickly lead to an acute pneumonia and death if not treated from an early stage. Recovering cats can become carriers of the virus, being able to pass the disease on to other cats.
This is a disease that is similar to Parvo virus in dogs effecting the intestines causing vomiting and bloody diarrhoea. This is a serious condition that is often fatal despite vigorous treatment.
NB: Both Cat Flu and Infectious Enteritis are easily prevented by vaccinating your kitten at 9 and 12 weeks. Annual boosters are given to maintain your cats immunity to these diseases.
Feline Leukaemia (FeLV)
This is a cancer causing virus which has recently become more widespread among the cat population. It is easily transmitted via saliva (bites and grooming) or any close contact. Successful treatment of this disease depends on the extent of the infection. Symptoms are variable depending on the organ effected and may include immunosuppression, anaemia, enteritis or cancer. Diagnosis is determined by a simple blood test. There is a vaccine to prevent this disease.
Feline Aids (FIV)
This is a recent problem that causes a similar condition to those seen in humans with HIV. It can not be transmitted to humans. There is no vaccine available but many cases occur in cats that are infected with the leukaemia virus. A simple blood test is available for diagnosis of this condition.
More detail available on our Feline Aids (FIV) page.